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The Ancient Rite of Chinowa Kuguri at Tsukuba's Hie Shrine

Author: Avi Landau, Issue: July 2007, Topic: Events, Location: Tsukuba

Has Japan`s summer heat got you beat? Have you got a dose of Natsu bate, the Japanese term for the lethargy brought on by this season`s Amazon-basin-like temperature and humidity? Well,you are in luck! This year,the lunar and solar calendars have aligned themselves so that July 30th will provide a rare double-punch of tradition, to steel you for the upcoming dog days of August. Dohyo no ushi,the day on which the heat stricken multitudes fortify their bodies with nutritious and succulent lunchboxes of eel, chances to fall on the second to last day of the month this summer, making a perfect midday compliment to an evening of spiritual cleansing and revitalization which can be had later that same day at Tsukuba`s Hie Shrine. There, under the guidance of Dr Osada, the Kanushi (Shinto Priest), you will be able to experience one of Japan`s oldest living traditions, passing through a magical straw ring, as part of the ancient summer purification rites. I wouldn't pass this chance up if I were you!

Let me tell you a little more about it.

Ritual purification has LONG been popular in Japan, and over the centuries, a curious array of occasions has come to be considered appropriate for going to a shrine, or calling a priest to come to you, for harae (祓), or as this character is now more commonly pronounced (O)harai. The birth of a child, the onset of a construction project,the purchase of a car or appliance, turning an unlucky age, or just a plain ol` string of bad luck are among the times at which one might have the kanushi wave his wand and utter incantations (norito) to drive away misfortune and cleanse oneself and one's possessions of impurities, sin, guilt and any unwanted spirits. Ablutions can also be carried out on one's own (without calling a priest), with the proper application of salt or water. In addition to these personalized, purification-on-demand ceremonies, there are two great national oharae, one in the winter (toshikoshi no harae) and one in summer (nagoshi no harae) which were decreed by the imperial court in the Nara Period (710-794), in an effort to standardize rituals within the Yamato realm, and have the populace spiritually cleansed every six months. These have been taking place for more than 1000 years, at the end of December and the end of either June or July.

As I have already pointed out (and as you know all too well) summers in Japan tend to sap people's energy and were also historically a likely time for epidemics to run rampant. For extra purifying and energizing power at the summer harae rites, many shrines around Japan adopted the practice of placing a large ring of reeds (chinowa)across the path leading the the main worship hall, through which those who desired to, could step through, in a ceremony that has come to be called chinowa kuguri. The belief in the efficacy of these rings originates in the ancient Chronicles of Bingo Province (now Okayama Prefecture) in which the simple hero, Somin Shorai, was advised by one of the gods (Susano no mikoto, who somin had been kind to) to protect himself from an epidemic that had been raging, by fashioning a hoop out of reeds and wearing it around his waist. Since this recommendation had come from the mouth of a great god, it was taken for granted that such straw rings had some protective and purifying powers. You might see such rings around the waist of a sumo Grand Champion or see its horizontal reflection in the sumo ring itself.

In Ibaraki Prefecture, there are several shrines at which one can perform chinowa kuguri, though only one of these is in Tsukuba. Hie Shrine (日枝神社)in Tsukuba`s Tanaka district offers a chance to encounter this old custom (called wakuguri by the locals) on July 30th of each year. As a bonus, you will aslo be able to hear a live performance of the local traditional festival music, Tanaka Bayashi, which has been designated by the prefecture as an important intangible property.

The straw ring will be opened to worshipers from 5:30-8:30 and the music will begin at 7:00. For the ceremony to have full effect, it is the custom at this shrine to walk through and around the ring to the left and then around and through again to trace a figure-eight with your path. Tossing a coin in the votive box would also be appreciated!

Pulling off Nishi-Odori just past the Hokubu Kogyo Danchi, into Tanaka, you enter into another world, with huge old houses with imposing gates and majestic trees all around. Upon passing through Hie Shrine's torii gate, please note the small shrine (Mikazuki Jinja) to your left. Priest Osada, who usually goes under the guise of a dentist, explained to me that inside the tiny sanctuary there are some small stones which can be borrowed, taken home and applied to the body to get rid of bruises, warts and moles. There is a small roughly hewn stone tablet commemorating the time a crew from Fuji TV came to do a story about the stones. Dr. Osada added with a straight face, that the stones were not 100 percent effective.

A stroll around the shrines precincts will reveal a fascinating variety of stone buddhas (sekibutsu). Dr Osada informed me that except for a memorial tablet for the war dead, just to the right of the main hall, the stones are not worshiped anymore. However,I would recommend you have a look, especially at the tablet just to the right of the war memorial. It is surely a curious carving, and the priest did not know what it was. I believe it to be a Dainichi Nyorai and I will try to confirm that. Anyway I suggest a look.

With summers getting hotter and hotter these traditional midyear customs will probably undergo a revival, as even air-conditioning cannot keep natsu bate away effectively. Maybe I`ll see you at Hie Shrine on the evening of the 30th. Opportunities like this don't often RING twice. Don't forget your unagi (eel) bento!

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